Principles and pragmatism, Civil-military action in Afghanistan and Liberia

G.E. Frerks, B. Klem, S. van de Laar, M. van Klingeren

    Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic


    This study looks into civil-military relations in conflict and post-conflict countries. In recent years, the issue has invoked a heated debate, which has occasionally lacked nuance and clarity. Some guidelines have emerged, but they are hardly sufficient for adequate positioning. This study focuses on Afghanistan and Liberia and is intended to assist policymakers and practitioners in developing adequate strategies by answering the following questions: What does cooperation between peacekeeping forces and aid agencies entail in practice? What are the strengths and weaknesses of peacekeeping forces in providing civilian aid? What are the risks and opportunities involved for NGOs when cooperating with peacekeeping forces? What opinion do civil society organisations in the countries concerned have about cooperation with peacekeeping forces? The study starts out by highlighting the changing nature of contemporary conflict and the concomitant changes in the humanitarian, military and development domains. It goes on to order and define key concepts used in current debates on the topic. The subsequent description of civil-military relations in the current peace missions in Afghanistan and Liberia is based on extensive field work and forms the main empirical body of the report.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationUtrecht/Amsterdam
    PublisherUniversiteit Utrecht/Bart Klem Research
    Number of pages119
    ISBN (Print)9789073726581
    Publication statusPublished - 2006


    • war
    • conflict
    • development aid
    • technical aid
    • non-governmental organizations
    • afghanistan
    • liberia
    • peace
    • humanitarian aid
    • military activities
    • military aid

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