Prevention of high-fat diet-induced muscular lipid accumulation in rats by α lipoic acid is not mediated by ampk activation

Silvie Timmers, Johan De Vogel-Van Den Bosch, Mhairi C. Towler, Gert Schaart, Esther Moonen-Kornips, Ronald P. Mensink, Matthijs K. Hesselink, Grahame D. Hardie, Patrick Schrauwen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skeletal muscle triglyceride accumulation is associated with insulin resistance in obesity. Recently, it has been suggested that lipoic acid (ALA) improves insulin sensitivity by lowering triglyceride accumulation in nonadipose tissues via activation of skeletal muscle AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). We examined whether chronic ALA supplementation prevents muscular lipid accumulation that is associated with high-fat diets via activation of AMPK. In addition, we tested if ALA supplementation was able to improve insulin sensitivity in rats fed low-and high-fat diets (LFD, HFD). Supplementing male Wistar rats with 0.5% ALA for 8 weeks signifi cantly reduced body weight, both on LFD and HFD (- 24% LFD+ALA vs. LFD, P < 0.01, and - 29% HFD+ALA vs. HFD, P < 0.001). Oil red O lipid staining revealed a 3-fold higher lipid content in skeletal muscle after HFD compared with LFD and ALA-supplemented groups (P < 0.05). ALA improved whole body glucose tolerance ( 20% lower total area under the curve (AUC) in ALA supplemented groups vs. controls, P < 0.05). These effects were not mediated by increased muscular AMPK activation or ALA-induced improvement of muscular insulin sensitivity. To conclude, the prevention of HFD-induced muscular lipid accumulation and the improved whole body glucose tolerance are likely secondary effects due to the anorexic nature of ALA.-Timmers, S., J. de Vogel-van den Bosch, M. C. Towler, G. Schaart, E. Moonen-Kornips, R. P. Mensink, M. K. Hesselink, D. G. Hardie, and P. Schrauwen. Prevention of high-fat diet-induced muscular lipid accumulation in rats by α lipoic acid is not mediated by AMPK activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-359
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AMP-activated protein kinase
  • Glucose tolerance
  • Intramyocellular lipid accumulation

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