Present and Future EU GMO Policy

Justus Wesseler, Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Regulatory approvals for genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the EU differentiate between alternative uses and remain particularly controversial in the case of cultivation. One of the solutions includes nationalizing the approval process, which—depending on its implementation—might offer a solution over the current deadlock situation. Irrespectively, the increased use of new GMOs in many parts of the world, along with a mired regulatory approval process for import of GMOs in the EU, promise increasing incidence of regulatory asynchronicity and structural trade disruptions. Reforms are needed that go beyond the current debate of nationalizing the approval process. The implications of asynchronous approval processes on international trade may also affect other countries and could require a solution at an international level.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEU Bioeconomy Economics and Policies
EditorsL. Dries, W. Heijman, R. Jongeneel, K. Purnhagen, J. Wesseler
Place of PublicationCham
ISBN (Electronic)9783030286422
ISBN (Print)9783030286415
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2019

Publication series

NamePalgrave Advances in Bioeconomy: Economics and Policies
ISSN (Print)2524-5848
ISSN (Electronic)2524-5856

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