Preprocessing and exploratory analysis of chromatographic profiles of plant extracts

M.M.W.B. Hendriks, L. Cruz-Juarez, D. de Bont, R.D. Hall

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    76 Citations (Scopus)


    The characterization of herbal extracts to compare samples from different origin is important for robust production and quality control strategies. This characterization is now mainly performed by analysis of selected marker compounds. Metabolic fingerprinting of full metabolite profiles of plant extracts aims at a more rapid and thorough screening or classification of plant material. We will show that HPLC is an appropriate technique for metabolic fingerprinting of secondary metabolites, given that adequate preprocessing of raw profiles is performed. Additional variation, which results from sample preparation and changing measurement conditions, usually obscures the information of interest in these raw profiles. This paper illustrates the importance of preprocessing of chromatographic fingerprinting data. Different alignment methods are discussed as well as the influence of normalization. Weighted principal component analysis is introduced as a valuable alternative to autoscaling of data. LC-UV data on Willow (Salix sp.) extracts is used to evaluate these preprocessing methods and their influence on exploratory data analysis
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)53-64
    JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


    • principal component analysis
    • least-squares algorithms
    • mass-spectrometry
    • herbal products
    • identification
    • metabolomics
    • matrices
    • choice


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