Preparative chromatographic purification and surfactant properties of individual soyasaponins from soy hypocotyls

K. DeCroos, J.P. Vincken, G.A. van Koningsveld, H. Gruppen, W. Verstraete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


The amphipathic character of soyasaponins and their consequent biological and technological properties are well-recognised. However, mainly due to the absence of purified compounds, no data are available on the amphiphilic surfactant properties of individual soyasaponins. In this study we developed a preparative method for the purification of the main soyasaponins species from soy germ. Reversed-phase chromatography (Source 15 RPC) gave a good resolution of the various soyasaponins, and was used for the purification of non- and fully-acetylated soyasaponin Ab, DDMP-conjugated and unconjugated soyasaponins Ba and Bb. For these compounds, the critical micelle concentration (CMC), the minimal attainable surface tension (¿CMC) and the surface density (¿max) were determined using the Wilhelmy plate method. The order of CMC values was as follows: soyasaponin Bb <Ba <ßg <¿g <Ab <non-acetylated Ab, and the CMC was found to range from 0.56 and to 3.2 g/L. It was concluded that the number of sugar side chains, the presence of acetyl groups and the presence of a DDMP-group are the main factors influencing the CMC of soyasaponins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-333
JournalFood Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • performance liquid-chromatography
  • critical micelle concentration
  • biological-activities
  • quillaja saponin
  • structural elucidation
  • triterpenoid saponins
  • soybean saponins
  • soyasapogenol-a
  • cancer cells
  • food plants

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