Preload-responsive adhesion: effects of aspect ratio, tip shape and alignment

D. Paretkar, M.M.G. Kamperman, D. Martina, J. Zhao, C. Creton, A. Lindner, A. Jagota, R. McMeeking, E. Arzt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We tested the adhesive response of polymer surfaces structured with arrays of cylindrical fibrils having diameters of 10–20 µm and aspect ratios 1–2.4. Fibrils had two different tip shapes of end-flaps and round edges. A preload-induced mechanical buckling instability of the fibrils was used to switch between the states of adhesion and non-adhesion. Non-adhesion in fibrils with round edges was reached at preloads that caused fibril buckling, whereas fibrils with end-flaps showed adhesion loss only at very high preloads. The round edge acted as a circumferential flaw prohibiting smooth tip contact recovery leading to an adhesion loss. In situ observations showed that, after reversal of buckling, the end-flaps unfold and re-form contact under prevailing compressive stress, retaining adhesion in spite of buckling. At very high preloads, however, end-flaps are unable to re-form contact resulting in adhesion loss. Additionally, the end-flaps showed varying contact adaptability as a function of the fibril–probe alignment, which further affects the preload for adhesion loss. The combined influence of preload, tip shape and alignment on adhesion can be used to switch adhesion in bioinspired fibrillar arrays
Original languageEnglish
Article number20130171
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Royal Society, Interface
Volume10
Issue number83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • fibrillar interfaces
  • switchable adhesion
  • contact
  • surfaces
  • microstructure
  • design

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Preload-responsive adhesion: effects of aspect ratio, tip shape and alignment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this