Predicting sublethal effects of herbicides on terrestrial non-crop species in the field from greenhouse data

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    Abstract

    Guidelines provided by OECD and EPPO allow the use of data obtained in greenhouse experiments in the risk assessment for pesticides to non-target terrestrial plants in the field. The present study was undertaken to investigate the predictability of effects on field-grown plants using greenhouse data. In addition, the influence of plant development stage on plant sensitivity and herbicide efficacy, the influence of the surrounding vegetation on individual plant sensitivity and of sublethal herbicide doses on the biomass, recovery and reproduction of non-crop plants was studied. Results show that in the future, it might well be possible to translate results from greenhouse experiments to field situations, given sufficient experimental data. The results also suggest consequences at the population level. Even when only marginal effects on the biomass of non-target plants are expected, their seed production and thereby survival at the population level may be negatively affected. The response of greenhouse-grown wild plant species to herbicide exposure could be related to the response of the same species when grown in the field.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)141-149
    JournalEnvironmental Pollution
    Volume155
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Keywords

    • dose-response relationships
    • spray drift
    • conservation interest
    • nontarget plants
    • growth
    • vegetation
    • bioassay
    • range
    • model

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