Predicting nitrogen use efficiency of individual dairy cows by midinfrared spectra

R. Shi, W. Lou, B. Ducro, A. van der Linden, H.A. Mulder, S.J. Oosting, S. Li, Y. Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

Abstract

Dairy farming may have negative impacts on the environment, such as ammonia emissions to air and nitrate leaching to water. By selecting more efficient cows, the amount of nitrogen excreted per cow and consequently the adverse environmental impacts will be reduced. The aim of this study was to predict nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of individual dairy cows using mid-infrared (MIR) spectra of milk. A total of 600 feeding and MIR records of 56 Holstein cows were collected from a farm in Beijing, China. NUE was calculated as the ratio of nitrogen in milk to nitrogen intake. The coefficient of determination of the best model was 0.69, 0.62 and 0.70 for NUE, nitrogen loss and dry mater intake, respectively. The MIR wavenumbers around 981.00 and 1506.93 cm-1 and daily milk yield were the most important variables for prediction. These results show potential for large-scale genetic evaluations of nitrogen efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 12th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (WCGALP)
Subtitle of host publicationTechnical and species orientated innovations in animal breeding, and contribution of genetics to solving societal challenges
EditorsR.F. Veerkamp, Y. de Haas
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Pages203-206
ISBN (Electronic)9789086869404
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventWorld Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production: WCGALP 2022 - Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 3 Jul 20228 Jul 2022

Conference

ConferenceWorld Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production: WCGALP 2022
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityRotterdam
Period3/07/228/07/22

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