The radiative transfer equations are well known, but radiation parametrizations in atmospheric models are computationally expensive. A promising tool for accelerating parametrizations is the use of machine learning techniques. In this study, we develop a machine learning-based parametrization for the gaseous optical properties by training neural networks to emulate a modern radiation parametrization (RRTMGP). To minimize computa- tional costs, we reduce the range of atmospheric conditions for which the neural networks are applicable and use machine-specific optimized BLAS functions to accelerate matrix computations. To generate training data, we use a set of randomly perturbed atmospheric profiles and calculate optical properties using RRTMGP. Predicted optical properties are highly accurate and the resulting radiative fluxes have average errors within 0.5 W m -2 compared to RRTMGP. Our neural network-based gas optics parametrization is up to four times faster than RRTMGP, depending on the size of the neural networks. We further test the trade-off between speed and accuracy by training neural networks for the narrow range of atmospheric conditions of a single large-eddy simulation, so smaller and therefore faster networks can achieve a desired accuracy. We conclude that our machine learning-based parametrization can speed-up radiative transfer computations while retaining high accuracy. This article is part of the theme issue 'Machine learning for weather and climate modelling'.
|Journal||Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Apr 2021|
- neural networks
- optical properties
- radiative transfer