Matching spray volume to crop canopy sizes and shapes can reduce the use of plant protection products , thus reducing operational costs and environmental pollution. Developments on crop adapted spraying for fungal control are highlighted in arable crop spraying. A plant-specific variable volume precision sprayer, guided by foliage shape and volume (canopy density sprayer ; CDS ) was developed for bed-grown crops to apply fungicides . Sensor selection to quantify crop canopy and spray techniques to apply variable dose rates are evaluated based on laboratory measurements. Based on the laboratory experience a prototype CDS sprayer was built using either a Weed-IT ® or a GreenSeeker ® sensor to detect plant place (fluorescence) or size (reflectance). Variable rate application was either done with a pulse width modulation nozzle or a switchable four-nozzle body. Spray volume could be changed from 50 to 550 l ha−1 in 16 steps. Spray deposition , biological efficacy and agrochemical use reduction were evaluated in a flower bulb and a potato crop during field measurements using a prototype CDS sprayer. Spray volume savings of a prototype plant-specific sprayer are shown to be more than 75% in early late blight ( Phytophthora infestans ) control spraying in potatoes . In flower bulbs (lily ) it was shown that in Botrytis blight control on average spray volume could be reduced by 45%. In a potato crop biological efficacy was maintained at the same good level as of a conventional spraying. In a flower bulb crop biological efficacy of the CDS was lower than of conventional spraying, which means that spray strategy and dose algorithms need further research.