Power plus: Tony Allan’s contributions to understanding transboundary water arrangements

Mark Zeitoun*, Ana Elisa Cascão, Marwa Daoudy, Francesca Greco, Naho Mirumachi, Jeroen Warner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We trace the development of a theory and analytical frames within international political economy that originated from Tony Allan’s mainstreaming of power as a determining factor in the control of transboundary flows. These include the Framework of Hydro-Hegemony, coexisting conflict and cooperation and Transboundary Water Interaction Analysis, counter-hegemony and virtual water rivers. These contributions are exemplified briefly through cases from around the globe and in particular the Nile. To ensure that this aspect of Tony’s legacy lives on, we propose a research agenda that includes the analysis of power interactions at substate levels between central governments and non-state actors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1015
JournalWater International
Issue number6
Early online dateOct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • hydro-hegemony
  • hydropolitics
  • Nile
  • transboundary water
  • Water conflict
  • water cooperation
  • water security


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