A theory about the descent and development of modern carrot cultivars in Europe formulated byBanga (1963) is discussed. According to this author, the cultivated carrot originates from Afghan carrot material. Furthermore, the origin of carrots with fleshy, orange roots is suggested to lay in the Netherlands in the 17th century. However, it is shown that wild populations of the carrot with white coloured roots have occurred in Europe since prehistoric times. During the late Middle Ages and Renaissance these carrots were used as medicinal plants. It is suggested that these indigenous carrots have played a minor role in the development of modern cultivated carrots.