Possibilities for IPM Strategies in European Laying Hen Farms for Improved Control of the Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae): Details and State of Affairs

Eva Decru*, Monique Mul, Alasdair J. Nisbet, Alejandro H. Vargas Navarro, Geoffrey Chiron, Jon Walton, Tomas Norton, Lise Roy, Nathalie Sleeckx

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The Poultry Red Mite (PRM), Dermanyssus gallinae, is a major threat to the poultry industry worldwide, causing serious problems to animal health and welfare, and huge economic losses. Controlling PRM infestations is very challenging. Conventionally, D. gallinae is treated with synthetic acaricides, but the particular lifestyle of the mite (most of the time spent off the host) makes the efficacy of acaracide sprays often unsatisfactory, as sprays reach only a small part of the population. Moreover, many acaricides have been unlicensed due to human consumer and safety regulations and mites have become resistant to them. A promising course of action is Integrated Pest Management (IPM), which is sustainable for animals, humans and the environment. It combines eight different steps, in which prevention of introduction and monitoring of the pest are key. Further, it focusses on non-chemical treatments, with chemicals only being used as a last resort. Whereas IPM is already widely applied in horticulture, its application is still in its infancy to control D. gallinae in layer houses. This review presents the currently-available possibilities for control of D. gallinae in layer houses for each of the eight IPM steps, including monitoring techniques, established and emerging non-chemical treatments, and the strategic use of chemicals. As such, it provides a needed baseline for future development of specific IPM strategies, which will allow efficient and sustainable control of D. gallinae in poultry farms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number565866
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Dermanyssus gallinae
  • integrated pest management
  • layer houses
  • monitoring
  • non-chemical
  • poultry red mite
  • prevention
  • sustainable control

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