Polymer tensiometers with ceramic cones: performance in drying soils and comparison with water-filled tensiometers and time domain reflectometry

M.J. van der Ploeg, H.P.A. Gooren, G. Bakker, C.W. Hoogendam, C. Huiskens, L.K. Koopal, H. Kruidhof, G.H. de Rooij

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Measuring soil water potentials is crucial to characterize vadose zone processes. Water-filled tensiometers only measure until approximately -0.085 MPa, and indirect methods may suffer from the non-uniqueness in the relationship between matric potential and measured properties. Recently developed polymer tensiometers (POTs) are able to directly measure soil matric potentials until the theoretical wilting point (-1.6 MPa). By minimizing the volume of polymer solution inside the POT while maximizing the ceramic area in contact with that polymer solution, response times drop to acceptable ranges for laboratory and field conditions. Contact with the soil is drastically improved with the use of a cone-shaped solid ceramics instead of flat ceramics. The comparison between measured potentials by polymer tensiometers and indirectly obtained potentials with time domain reflectometry highlights the risk of using the latter method at low water contents. By combining POT and time domain reflectometry readings in situ moisture retention curves can be measured over the range permitted by time domain reflectometry.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4349-4377
    JournalHydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions
    Volume6
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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