Pollution due to nutrient losses and its control in European animal production

S. Tamminga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Differences in soil, climate and socioeconomic conditions cause animal production to vary widely between European regions, notably in animal density and percentage landless farming. They have in common that animal products result from the cycling and redistribution of nutrients through soil, air, plants, animals and manure, with energy from photosynthesis or from the input of fossil energy as driving force. Nature of nutrients and rates of their conversion vary between and within cycle components, and consequently imbalances occur, causing undesired nutrient losses to or extractions from soil, water and air. Nutrients causing environmental concern are those containing excessive phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and nitrate (NO3-) contaminating soil and water and those losing the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) into the air. Successful and feasible interventions are to extensify, to reduce external inputs and to optimise. Maximum stocking density should not exceed 2.0 livestock units (LU)/ha. Reductions in external inputs of N, P and K are possible through reduction in fertiliser inputs and by reducing or applying compositional changes of dietary inputs. Optimisation at farm level includes implementing the nutritive measures mentioned above combined with an increased reproductive efficiency by lowering the number of parent animals. Animal manure should be treated as a commodity rather as a waste, with a tailor made composition to be achieved by nutrition or by fractionation. The recommended measures require legal and mental interventions, the success of which will largely depend on the quality of legislation and the acceptability of its implementation. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-111
JournalLivestock Production Science
Volume84
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

animal production
pollution
Food
soil air
nutrients
Soil
nitrous oxide
animal manures
methane
Manure
carbon dioxide
Air
animals
reproductive efficiency
animal products
energy
greenhouse gases
products and commodities
stocking rate
laws and regulations

Keywords

  • greenhouse-gas emissions
  • dairy-cows
  • milk-production
  • nitrogen
  • ruminants
  • nutrition
  • manure
  • digestibility
  • strategies
  • management

Cite this

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abstract = "Differences in soil, climate and socioeconomic conditions cause animal production to vary widely between European regions, notably in animal density and percentage landless farming. They have in common that animal products result from the cycling and redistribution of nutrients through soil, air, plants, animals and manure, with energy from photosynthesis or from the input of fossil energy as driving force. Nature of nutrients and rates of their conversion vary between and within cycle components, and consequently imbalances occur, causing undesired nutrient losses to or extractions from soil, water and air. Nutrients causing environmental concern are those containing excessive phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and nitrate (NO3-) contaminating soil and water and those losing the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) into the air. Successful and feasible interventions are to extensify, to reduce external inputs and to optimise. Maximum stocking density should not exceed 2.0 livestock units (LU)/ha. Reductions in external inputs of N, P and K are possible through reduction in fertiliser inputs and by reducing or applying compositional changes of dietary inputs. Optimisation at farm level includes implementing the nutritive measures mentioned above combined with an increased reproductive efficiency by lowering the number of parent animals. Animal manure should be treated as a commodity rather as a waste, with a tailor made composition to be achieved by nutrition or by fractionation. The recommended measures require legal and mental interventions, the success of which will largely depend on the quality of legislation and the acceptability of its implementation. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
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Pollution due to nutrient losses and its control in European animal production. / Tamminga, S.

In: Livestock Production Science, Vol. 84, 2003, p. 101-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pollution due to nutrient losses and its control in European animal production

AU - Tamminga, S.

PY - 2003

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KW - nutrition

KW - manure

KW - digestibility

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