Plasticity and evolutionary convergence in the locomotor skeleton of greater antillean anolis lizards

Nathalie Feiner*, Illiam S.C. Jackson, Kirke L. Munch, Reinder Radersma, Tobias Uller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plasticity can put evolution on repeat if development causes species to generate similar morphologies in similar environments. Anolis lizards offer the opportunity to put this role of developmental plasticity to the test. Following colonization of the four Greater Antillean islands, Anolis lizards independently and repeatedly evolved six ecomorphs adapted to manoeuvring different microhabitats. By quantifying the morphology of the locomotor skeleton of 95 species, we demonstrate that ecomorphs on different islands have diverged along similar trajectories. However, microhabitat-induced morphological plasticity differed between species and did not consistently improve individual locomotor performance. Consistent with this decoupling between morphological plasticity and locomotor performance, highly plastic features did not show greater evolvability, and plastic responses to microhabitat were poorly aligned with evolutionary divergence between ecomorphs. The locomotor skeleton of Anolis may have evolved within a subset of possible morphologies that are highly accessible through genetic change, enabling adaptive convergence independently of plasticity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere57468
Pages (from-to)1-47
Number of pages47
JournaleLife
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Adaptive radiation
  • Developmental bias
  • Evolution
  • Lizards
  • Micro-CT
  • Morphometrics
  • Plasticity

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