Piece-by-piece analysis of additives and manufacturing byproducts in plastics ingested by seabirds: Implication for risk of exposure to seabirds

Kosuke Tanaka, Jan A. van Franeker, Tomohiro Deguchi, Hideshige Takada*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The risk of marine organisms ingesting plastics has become a growing concern due to hazard chemicals in plastics. To identify compounds to which seabirds potentially have substantial exposure, 194 plastics fragments and pellets ingested by seabirds, i.e., northern fulmars from the Faroe Islands, and laysan albatross and blackfooted albatross from Mukojima Island, were analyzed piece by piece. Four kinds of UV stabilizers, 2 brominated flame retardants, and styrene oligomers were detected at detection frequencies of 4.6%, 2.1%, and 2.1%, respectively. Concentrations ranging from not detected (n.d.) – 1700 μg/g were measured for UV stabilizers, n.d. – 1100 μg/g for flame retardants, and n.d. – 3200 μg/g for styrene oligomers. We found that these chemicals could
be retained in plastics during drifting and fragmentation in the ocean and transported to seabirds. This type of transport via plastics can be direct pathway that introduces hazardous compounds to marine organisms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume145
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Fingerprint

seabird
seabirds
byproducts
Byproducts
manufacturing
plastics
plastic
Plastics
flame retardants
Stabilizers (agents)
styrene
Flame retardants
Oligomers
Styrene
Chemical hazards
chemical hazards
Faroe Islands
organisms
toxic substances
pellets

Keywords

  • marine lastic debris
  • plastic ingestion
  • Additive chemicals
  • Flame retardans
  • UV stabilizers
  • Styrene oligomers

Cite this

@article{19adb2012bfc482993c902af46d74f87,
title = "Piece-by-piece analysis of additives and manufacturing byproducts in plastics ingested by seabirds: Implication for risk of exposure to seabirds",
abstract = "The risk of marine organisms ingesting plastics has become a growing concern due to hazard chemicals in plastics. To identify compounds to which seabirds potentially have substantial exposure, 194 plastics fragments and pellets ingested by seabirds, i.e., northern fulmars from the Faroe Islands, and laysan albatross and blackfooted albatross from Mukojima Island, were analyzed piece by piece. Four kinds of UV stabilizers, 2 brominated flame retardants, and styrene oligomers were detected at detection frequencies of 4.6{\%}, 2.1{\%}, and 2.1{\%}, respectively. Concentrations ranging from not detected (n.d.) – 1700 μg/g were measured for UV stabilizers, n.d. – 1100 μg/g for flame retardants, and n.d. – 3200 μg/g for styrene oligomers. We found that these chemicals couldbe retained in plastics during drifting and fragmentation in the ocean and transported to seabirds. This type of transport via plastics can be direct pathway that introduces hazardous compounds to marine organisms.",
keywords = "marine lastic debris, plastic ingestion, Additive chemicals, Flame retardans, UV stabilizers, Styrene oligomers",
author = "Kosuke Tanaka and {van Franeker}, {Jan A.} and Tomohiro Deguchi and Hideshige Takada",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.05.028",
language = "English",
volume = "145",
pages = "36--41",
journal = "Marine Pollution Bulletin",
issn = "0025-326X",
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Piece-by-piece analysis of additives and manufacturing byproducts in plastics ingested by seabirds: Implication for risk of exposure to seabirds. / Tanaka, Kosuke; van Franeker, Jan A.; Deguchi, Tomohiro; Takada, Hideshige.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 145, 08.2019, p. 36-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Piece-by-piece analysis of additives and manufacturing byproducts in plastics ingested by seabirds: Implication for risk of exposure to seabirds

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AU - van Franeker, Jan A.

AU - Deguchi, Tomohiro

AU - Takada, Hideshige

PY - 2019/8

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N2 - The risk of marine organisms ingesting plastics has become a growing concern due to hazard chemicals in plastics. To identify compounds to which seabirds potentially have substantial exposure, 194 plastics fragments and pellets ingested by seabirds, i.e., northern fulmars from the Faroe Islands, and laysan albatross and blackfooted albatross from Mukojima Island, were analyzed piece by piece. Four kinds of UV stabilizers, 2 brominated flame retardants, and styrene oligomers were detected at detection frequencies of 4.6%, 2.1%, and 2.1%, respectively. Concentrations ranging from not detected (n.d.) – 1700 μg/g were measured for UV stabilizers, n.d. – 1100 μg/g for flame retardants, and n.d. – 3200 μg/g for styrene oligomers. We found that these chemicals couldbe retained in plastics during drifting and fragmentation in the ocean and transported to seabirds. This type of transport via plastics can be direct pathway that introduces hazardous compounds to marine organisms.

AB - The risk of marine organisms ingesting plastics has become a growing concern due to hazard chemicals in plastics. To identify compounds to which seabirds potentially have substantial exposure, 194 plastics fragments and pellets ingested by seabirds, i.e., northern fulmars from the Faroe Islands, and laysan albatross and blackfooted albatross from Mukojima Island, were analyzed piece by piece. Four kinds of UV stabilizers, 2 brominated flame retardants, and styrene oligomers were detected at detection frequencies of 4.6%, 2.1%, and 2.1%, respectively. Concentrations ranging from not detected (n.d.) – 1700 μg/g were measured for UV stabilizers, n.d. – 1100 μg/g for flame retardants, and n.d. – 3200 μg/g for styrene oligomers. We found that these chemicals couldbe retained in plastics during drifting and fragmentation in the ocean and transported to seabirds. This type of transport via plastics can be direct pathway that introduces hazardous compounds to marine organisms.

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KW - plastic ingestion

KW - Additive chemicals

KW - Flame retardans

KW - UV stabilizers

KW - Styrene oligomers

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