Phytophtora terminalis sp. nov. and Phytophthora occultans sp. nov., two invasive pathogens of ornamental plants in Europe

W.A. Man in 't Veld*, K.C.H.M. Rosendahl, P.C.J. van Rijswick, J.P. Meffert, M. Westenberg, B.T.L.H. van de Vossenberg, G. Denton, A.J. van Kuik

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objectives
    To evaluate, among the elderly, the association of self-rated health (SRH) with mortality, and to identify determinants of self-rating health as “at-least-good”.

    Study Design
    Individual data on SRH and important covariates were obtained for 424,791 European and Unites States residents, ≥60 years at recruitment (1982-2008), in eight prospective studies in the Consortium on Health and Ageing: Network of Cohorts in Europe and the United States (CHANCES). In each study, adjusted mortality ratios (hazard ratios, HRs) in relation to SRH were calculated and subsequently combined with random-effect meta-analyses.

    Main outcome measures
    All-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality.

    Results
    Within the median 12.5 years of follow-up, 93,014 (22%) deaths occurred. SRH “fair” or “poor” vs. “at-least-good” was associated with increased mortality: HRs 1.46 (95% CI 1·23-1.74) and 2.31 (1.79-2.99), respectively. These associations were evident: for cardiovascular and, to a lesser extent, cancer mortality, and within-study, within-subgroup analyses. Accounting for lifestyle, sociodemographic, somatometric factors and, subsequently, for medical history explained only a modest amount of the unadjusted associations. Factors favourably associated with SRH were: sex (males), age (younger-old), education (high), marital status (married/cohabiting), physical activity (active), body mass index (non-obese), alcohol consumption (low to moderate) and previous morbidity (absence).

    Conclusion
    SRH provides a quick and simple tool for assessing health and identifying groups of elders at risk of early mortality that may be useful also in clinical settings. Modifying determinants of favourably rating health, e.g. by increasing physical activity and/or by eliminating obesity, may be important for older adults to “feel healthy” and “be healthy”.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)54-65
    JournalMycologia
    Volume107
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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  • Cite this

    Man in 't Veld, W. A., Rosendahl, K. C. H. M., van Rijswick, P. C. J., Meffert, J. P., Westenberg, M., van de Vossenberg, B. T. L. H., Denton, G., & van Kuik, A. J. (2017). Phytophtora terminalis sp. nov. and Phytophthora occultans sp. nov., two invasive pathogens of ornamental plants in Europe. Mycologia, 107(1), 54-65. https://doi.org/10.3852/12-371