Phylogenetic and morphological re-evaluation of the Botryosphaeria species causing diseases of Mangifera indica

B. Slippers, G.I. Johnson, P.W. Crous, T.A. Coutinho, B.D. Wingfield, M.J. Wingfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Species of Botryosphaeria are among the most serious pathogens that affect mango trees and fruit. Several species occur on mangoes, and these are identified mainly on the morpholopy of the anamorphs. Common taxa include Dothiorella dominicana, D. mangiferae (= Natrassia mangiferae), D. aromatica and an unidentified species, Dothiorella 'long'. The genus name Dothiorella, however, is acknowledged as a synonym of Diplodia. This study aimed to characterize and name the Botryosphaeria spp. associated with disease symptoms on mangoes. To achieve this isolates representing all four Dothiorella slip. mentioned above were compared with the anamorphs of known Botryosphaeria spp., based on conidial morphology and DNA sequence data. Two genomic regions were analyzed, namely the ITS rDNA and beta-tubulin regions. The morphological and molecular results confirmed that the fungi previously identified front mango as species of Dothiorella belong to Fusicoccum. Dothiorella dominicana isolates were identical to isolates of F. parvum (teleomorph = B. Parva). A new epithet, namely F. mangiferum, is proposed for isolates previously treated as D. maugiferae or N. maugiferae. Isolates of D. aromatica were identified as F. aesculi (telcomorph = B. dothidea). A fourth Fusicoccum sp. also was identified as those isolates previously known as Dothiorella 'long'. A key is provided to distinguish these species based on anamorph morphology in culture. This study provides a basis for the identification of Botryosphaeria species front mango, which is important for disease control and to uphold quarantine regulations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-110
JournalMycologia
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • end rot pathogens
  • new-zealand
  • mango
  • dothidea
  • fungi
  • characters
  • anamorphs
  • infection
  • sequences
  • avocado

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