Photosynthetic response to increased irradiance correlates to variation in transcriptional response of lipid-remodeling and heat-shock genes

Roxanne van Rooijen, Jeremy Harbinson, Mark G.M. Aarts*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plants have evolved several mechanisms for sensing increased irradiance, involving signal perception by photoreceptors (cryptochromes), and subsequent biochemical (reactive oxygen species, ROS) and metabolic clues to transmit the signals. This results in the increased expression of heat-shock response genes and of the transcription factor LONG HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5, mediated by the cryptochrome photoreceptor 1, CRY1). Here, we show the existence of another response pathway in Arabidopsis. This pathway evokes the SPX1-mediated expression activation of the transcription factor PHR1 and leads to the expression of several galactolipid biosynthesis genes. Gene expression analysis of accessions Col-0, Ga-0, and Ts-1, showed activated expression of the SPX1/PHR1-mediated gene expression activation pathway acting on galactolipids biosynthesis genes in both Ga-0 and Col-0, but not in Ts-1. The activation of the SPX1/PHR1-mediated response pathway can be associated with lower photosynthesis efficiency in Ts-1, compared to Col-0 and Ga-0. Besides the accession-associated activation of the SPX1/PHR1-mediated response pathway, comparing gene expression in the accessions showed stronger activation of several heat responsive genes in Ga-0, and the opposite in Ts-1, when compared to Col-0, in line with the differences in their efficiency of photosynthesis. We conclude that natural variation in activation of both heat responsive genes and of galactolipids biosynthesis genes contribute to the variation in photosynthesis efficiency in response to irradiance increase.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00069
JournalPlant Direct
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • high light stress
  • microarray
  • natural genetic variation
  • photosynthesis efficiency
  • photosystem II

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