Photoelectrochemical control of the balance between cyclic- and linear electron transport in photosystem. I. Algorithm for P700+ induction kinetics

W.J. Vredenberg, A.A. Bulychev

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Redox transients of chlorophyll P700, monitored as absorbance changes DeltaA810, were measured during and after exclusive PSI excitation with far-red (FR) light in pea (Pisum sativum, cv. Premium) leaves under various pre-excitation conditions. Prolonged adaptation in the dark terminated by a short PSII+PSI- exciting light pulse guarantees pre-conditions in which the initial photochemical events in PSI RCs are carried out by cyclic electron transfer (CET). Pre-excitation with one or more 10s FR pulses creates conditions for induction of linear electron transport (LET). These converse conditions give rise to totally different, but reproducible responses of P700- oxidation. System analyses of these responses were made based on quantitative solutions of the rate equations dictated by the associated reaction scheme for each of the relevant conditions. These provide the mathematical elements of the P700 induction algorithm (PIA) with which the distinguishable components of the P700+ response can be resolved and interpreted. It enables amongst others the interpretation and understanding of the characteristic kinetic profile of the P700+ response in intact leaves upon 10s illumination with far-red light under the promotive condition for CET. The system analysis provides evidence that this unique kinetic pattern with a non-responsive delay followed by a steep S-shaped signal increase is caused by a photoelectrochemically controlled suppression of the electron transport from Fd to the PQ-reducing Qr site of the cytb6f complex in the cyclic pathway. The photoelectrochemical control is exerted by the PSI-powered proton pump associated with CET. It shows strong similarities with the photoelectrochemical control of LET at the acceptor side of PSII which is reflected by release of photoelectrochemical quenching of chlorophyll a fluorescence
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1521-1532
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta. B, Bioenergetics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • a fluorescence induction
  • far-red light
  • p515 response
  • c3 plants
  • leaves
  • flow
  • chloroplasts
  • quantification
  • membrane
  • energy


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