Phosphorus management in Europe in a changing world

Oscar F. Schoumans*, Fayçal Bouraoui, Christian Kabbe, Oene Oenema, Kimo C. van Dijk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

213 Citations (Scopus)


Food production in Europe is dependent on imported phosphorus (P) fertilizers, but P use is inefficient and losses to the environment high. Here, we discuss possible solutions by changes in P management. We argue that not only the use of P fertilizers and P additives in feed could be reduced by fine-tuning fertilization and feeding to actual nutrient requirements, but also P from waste has to be completely recovered and recycled in order to close the P balance of Europe regionally and become less dependent on the availability of P-rock reserves. Finally, climate-smart P management measures are needed, to reduce the expected deterioration of surface water quality resulting from climate-change-induced P loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-192
Issue numberSuppl. 2
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Balance
  • Climate change
  • Manure
  • Phosphorus
  • Recovery
  • Resource cycle
  • Waste


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