Phosphate and organic fertilizer recovery from black water

T.H. Tervahauta

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


In this thesis the integration of treatment systems for black and grey water was investigated to improve resource recovery within source-separated sanitation concepts. Special focus was set on phosphate and organic fertilizer recovery from vacuum collected black water. Currently, the soil application of black water sludge is prohibited in the Netherlands due to elevated heavy metal concentrations.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
  • Buisman, Cees, Promotor
  • Zeeman, Grietje, Promotor
  • Hernandez Leal, L., Co-promotor, External person
Award date10 Oct 2014
Place of PublicationWageningen
Print ISBNs9789462570931
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • waste water
  • phosphates
  • waste water treatment
  • organic fertilizers
  • recovery
  • anaerobic treatment
  • heavy metals
  • water reuse


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