Phenotyping flag leaf nitrogen content in rice using a three-band spectral index

Jian Jun Wang, Zhikang Li, Xiuliang Jin, Guohua Liang, Paul C. Struik, Junfei Gu*, Yong Zhou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Accurate, rapid and non-destructive measurements of rice flag leaf nitrogen content (LNC) are crucial for geneticists and breeders. To help design a less expensive, non-destructive, real-time LNC sensor, we developed a Three-Band Difference Ratio (TBDR) spectral index, TBDR (R 755 , R 513 , R 508 ). This spectral index could accurately and rapidly estimate rice LNC in a population of chromosome segment substitution lines with small variation in LNC. The model estimating LNC was validated using a leave-one-out cross-validation technique; the achieved root mean square error was 0.13% and the relative error was 4.74%. In comparison with SPAD-502plus chlorophyll meter readings and commonly used spectral indices, including GreenSeeker- and Crop Circle-based indices, TBDR (R 755 , R 513 , R 508 ) produced higher accuracy in LNC estimation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-481
Number of pages7
JournalComputers and Electronics in Agriculture
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


  • Chromosome segment substitution lines
  • Oryza sativa
  • SPAD-502plus chlorophyll meter
  • Spectral reflectance

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