Pharmaceutical removal: synergy between biological and chemical processes for wastewater treatment

Henrik Arnoud de Wilt

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WUAcademic

Abstract

The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment has become a worldwide environmental concern. After administration and excretion, pharmaceuticals end up in wastewater treatment plants. These plants, typically employing biological treatment, are not designed for their removal. Hence, numerous pharmaceuticals are emitted into the environment. Chemical treatment processes like ozonation can effectively remove pharmaceuticals, however these costly processes have disadvantages such as high energy consumption and by-product formation. On the contrary, biological treatment processes are less effective for pharmaceutical removal, but can complement chemical process by for instance by-product removal.

In this dissertation the combination of biological and chemical treatment processes for pharmaceutical removal was therefore studied. We found complementariness between various combinations of biological and chemical processes, resulting in the design of cost-effective combined treatment processes for enhanced pharmaceutical removal from wastewater treatment plant effluents.

Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Rijnaarts, Huub, Promotor
  • Langenhoff, Alette, Co-promotor
Award date2 Feb 2018
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789463437219
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

chemical process
biological processes
drug
wastewater treatment
removal
excretion
effluent
cost
biological treatment

Cite this

de Wilt, Henrik Arnoud. / Pharmaceutical removal: synergy between biological and chemical processes for wastewater treatment. Wageningen : Wageningen University, 2018. 197 p.
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abstract = "The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment has become a worldwide environmental concern. After administration and excretion, pharmaceuticals end up in wastewater treatment plants. These plants, typically employing biological treatment, are not designed for their removal. Hence, numerous pharmaceuticals are emitted into the environment. Chemical treatment processes like ozonation can effectively remove pharmaceuticals, however these costly processes have disadvantages such as high energy consumption and by-product formation. On the contrary, biological treatment processes are less effective for pharmaceutical removal, but can complement chemical process by for instance by-product removal. In this dissertation the combination of biological and chemical treatment processes for pharmaceutical removal was therefore studied. We found complementariness between various combinations of biological and chemical processes, resulting in the design of cost-effective combined treatment processes for enhanced pharmaceutical removal from wastewater treatment plant effluents.",
author = "{de Wilt}, {Henrik Arnoud}",
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Pharmaceutical removal: synergy between biological and chemical processes for wastewater treatment. / de Wilt, Henrik Arnoud.

Wageningen : Wageningen University, 2018. 197 p.

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WUAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Pharmaceutical removal: synergy between biological and chemical processes for wastewater treatment

AU - de Wilt, Henrik Arnoud

N1 - WU thesis 6858 Includes bibliographical references. - With English, Dutch and Russian

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment has become a worldwide environmental concern. After administration and excretion, pharmaceuticals end up in wastewater treatment plants. These plants, typically employing biological treatment, are not designed for their removal. Hence, numerous pharmaceuticals are emitted into the environment. Chemical treatment processes like ozonation can effectively remove pharmaceuticals, however these costly processes have disadvantages such as high energy consumption and by-product formation. On the contrary, biological treatment processes are less effective for pharmaceutical removal, but can complement chemical process by for instance by-product removal. In this dissertation the combination of biological and chemical treatment processes for pharmaceutical removal was therefore studied. We found complementariness between various combinations of biological and chemical processes, resulting in the design of cost-effective combined treatment processes for enhanced pharmaceutical removal from wastewater treatment plant effluents.

AB - The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment has become a worldwide environmental concern. After administration and excretion, pharmaceuticals end up in wastewater treatment plants. These plants, typically employing biological treatment, are not designed for their removal. Hence, numerous pharmaceuticals are emitted into the environment. Chemical treatment processes like ozonation can effectively remove pharmaceuticals, however these costly processes have disadvantages such as high energy consumption and by-product formation. On the contrary, biological treatment processes are less effective for pharmaceutical removal, but can complement chemical process by for instance by-product removal. In this dissertation the combination of biological and chemical treatment processes for pharmaceutical removal was therefore studied. We found complementariness between various combinations of biological and chemical processes, resulting in the design of cost-effective combined treatment processes for enhanced pharmaceutical removal from wastewater treatment plant effluents.

U2 - 10.18174/426133

DO - 10.18174/426133

M3 - internal PhD, WU

SN - 9789463437219

PB - Wageningen University

CY - Wageningen

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