Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan

Analysis of a national level serological data

Muhammad Abubakar*, Aamir Bin Zahur, Muhammad Afzal, Qurban Ali, Jose Gonzales Rojas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study was aimed to obtain baseline information about the presence and distribution of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan by quantifying the sero-prevalence of this infection in all provinces/regions in the country. There are ongoing activities towards the progressive control and eventual eradication of PPR from Pakistan. To design a suitable control program and monitor its progress, baseline information on the occurrence of the disease in the target population is needed. Using a cluster sampling approach a total of 19575 serum samples from sheep and goat were collected from all provinces of the country. These samples were analyzed for the presence of antibodies against PPR virus using a competitive ELISA. Out of 19575 samples tested, 5389 were classified as sero-positive. The prevalence (95% confidence intervals (CI)) at the province level ranged 9.93% (0.027%–0.151%) in Azad Jammu & Kashmir to 38.16% (0.366%–0.466%) in Balochistan. Difference in sero-positivity could be attributed to animals’ movement, agro-climatic conditions of areas. Risk factors covered in the study were season as well as age and sex of the animals. PPR is endemic and it is distributed across all provinces in the country. This study provides basic information for the identification of disease hotspots for implementation of a control programme in Pakistan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-65
JournalSmall Ruminant Research
Volume155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Peste-des-Petits-Ruminants
peste des petits ruminants
Pakistan
Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus
seroprevalence
Health Services Needs and Demand
Goats
sampling
disease occurrence
Sheep
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Confidence Intervals
confidence interval
animals
risk factors
Antibodies
goats
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
Infection
Serum

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Pakistan
  • PPR
  • Serological data
  • Sheep and goats

Cite this

Abubakar, Muhammad ; Zahur, Aamir Bin ; Afzal, Muhammad ; Ali, Qurban ; Gonzales Rojas, Jose. / Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan : Analysis of a national level serological data. In: Small Ruminant Research. 2017 ; Vol. 155. pp. 57-65.
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abstract = "The study was aimed to obtain baseline information about the presence and distribution of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan by quantifying the sero-prevalence of this infection in all provinces/regions in the country. There are ongoing activities towards the progressive control and eventual eradication of PPR from Pakistan. To design a suitable control program and monitor its progress, baseline information on the occurrence of the disease in the target population is needed. Using a cluster sampling approach a total of 19575 serum samples from sheep and goat were collected from all provinces of the country. These samples were analyzed for the presence of antibodies against PPR virus using a competitive ELISA. Out of 19575 samples tested, 5389 were classified as sero-positive. The prevalence (95{\%} confidence intervals (CI)) at the province level ranged 9.93{\%} (0.027{\%}–0.151{\%}) in Azad Jammu & Kashmir to 38.16{\%} (0.366{\%}–0.466{\%}) in Balochistan. Difference in sero-positivity could be attributed to animals’ movement, agro-climatic conditions of areas. Risk factors covered in the study were season as well as age and sex of the animals. PPR is endemic and it is distributed across all provinces in the country. This study provides basic information for the identification of disease hotspots for implementation of a control programme in Pakistan.",
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Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan : Analysis of a national level serological data. / Abubakar, Muhammad; Zahur, Aamir Bin; Afzal, Muhammad; Ali, Qurban; Gonzales Rojas, Jose.

In: Small Ruminant Research, Vol. 155, 2017, p. 57-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan

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AU - Gonzales Rojas, Jose

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N2 - The study was aimed to obtain baseline information about the presence and distribution of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in Pakistan by quantifying the sero-prevalence of this infection in all provinces/regions in the country. There are ongoing activities towards the progressive control and eventual eradication of PPR from Pakistan. To design a suitable control program and monitor its progress, baseline information on the occurrence of the disease in the target population is needed. Using a cluster sampling approach a total of 19575 serum samples from sheep and goat were collected from all provinces of the country. These samples were analyzed for the presence of antibodies against PPR virus using a competitive ELISA. Out of 19575 samples tested, 5389 were classified as sero-positive. The prevalence (95% confidence intervals (CI)) at the province level ranged 9.93% (0.027%–0.151%) in Azad Jammu & Kashmir to 38.16% (0.366%–0.466%) in Balochistan. Difference in sero-positivity could be attributed to animals’ movement, agro-climatic conditions of areas. Risk factors covered in the study were season as well as age and sex of the animals. PPR is endemic and it is distributed across all provinces in the country. This study provides basic information for the identification of disease hotspots for implementation of a control programme in Pakistan.

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