Perspectives for on-site monitoring of progesterone

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The steroid hormone progesterone is the primary biomarker of the reproductive status of female mammals. Current techniques of monitoring progesterone are based predominantly on (enzyme) immunoassays, but these are too expensive to be affordable in daily screening programmes because of their associated labour costs and the need for laboratory facilities and/or equipment. Here, we discuss existing methods as well as new perspectives for (automated) application at point of care/need, e.g. the milking parlour. These make it apparent that a low-cost, fully automated progesterone assay system to monitor the reproductive status is far from being realised at present. Timely ovulation prediction techniques for artificial insemination and reproductive cycling are thus urgently needed, and promising perspectives will be highlighted
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-660
JournalTrends in Biotechnology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • performance liquid-chromatography
  • lateral flow immunoassay
  • milk progesterone
  • bovine-milk
  • enzyme-immunoassay
  • dairy-cattle
  • mass-spectrometry
  • human-serum
  • cows milk
  • pregnancy diagnosis


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