Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Alpha Target Genes

M. Rakhshandehroo, B. Knoch, M.R. Müller, A.H. Kersten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

408 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha) is a ligand-activated transcription factor involved in the regulation of a variety of processes, ranging from inflammation and immunity to nutrient metabolism and energy homeostasis. PPAR alpha serves as a molecular target for hypolipidemic fibrates drugs which bind the receptor with high affinity. Furthermore, PPAR alpha binds and is activated by numerous fatty acids and fatty acid-derived compounds. PPAR alpha governs biological processes by altering the expression of a large number of target genes. Accordingly, the specific role of PPAR alpha is directly related to the biological function of its target genes. Here, we present an overview of the involvement of PPAR alpha in lipid metabolism and other pathways through a detailed analysis of the different known or putative PPAR alpha target genes. The emphasis is on gene regulation by PPAR alpha in liver although many of the results likely apply to other organs and tissues as well.
Original languageEnglish
Article number612089
Number of pages20
JournalPPAR Research
Volume2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • polyunsaturated fatty-acids
  • ppar-gamma activators
  • apolipoprotein-c-iii
  • cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase gene
  • adipose triglyceride lipase
  • hormone-sensitive lipase
  • coronary-heart-disease
  • coenzyme-a oxidase
  • rev-erb-alpha
  • 17-beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydr

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