Permeable Boundries: Outsiders and Acces to Fishing Grounds in the Berau Marine Protected Ares

B. Gunawan, L.E. Visser

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18 Citations (Scopus)


The designation of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Indonesia has been accelerated over the past two decades in line with international biodiversity conservation commitments and to secure a basis for decentralised fisheries resources management. The Berau MPA of northeast Kalimantan is one of them. This paper shows how the establishment of the park boundaries and zoning affects local fishers' livelihoods. Particular attention is paid to the position of outsider fishers or andon, who have a legal right to access the resource rich fishing grounds. Decentralised district government legitimises outsider fisheries activities because andon fishing permits bring in fees as a contribution to the regional income (PAD or pendapatan asli daerah), while international environmental organisations and local fishers regard the outsider fishers as illegitimately entering the MPA to access resources they regard as their own. Thus, MPA boundaries appear to be highly permeable, with both local fishers and environmental NGOs seeing the presence of andon as illegitimate and illicit, despite being legal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-202
JournalAnthropological Forum : a journal of social anthropology and comparative sociology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • fisheries management


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