Two monomethyl esters of -(1-4)-linked D-galacturonic dimers and three monomethyl esters of -(1-4)-linked D-galacturonic acid trimers were synthesized chemically and further used as substrates in order to establish the substrate specificity of six different endopolygalacturonases from Aspergillus niger, one exopolygalacturonase from Aspergillus tubingensis, and four selected Erwinia chrysanthemi pectinases; exopolygalacturonan hydrolase X (PehX), exopolygalacturonate lyase X (PelX), exopectate lyase W (PelW), and oligogalacturonan lyase (Ogl). All A. niger endopolygalacturonases (PGs) were unable to hydrolyze the two monomethyldigalacturonates and 2-methyltrigalacturonate, whereas 1-methyltrigalacturonate was only cleaved by PGI, PGII, and PGB albeit at an extremely low rate. The hydrolysis of 3-methyltrigalacturonate into 2-methyldigalacturonate and galacturonate by all endopolygalacturonases demonstrates that these enzymes can accommodate a methylgalacturonate at subsite 2. The A. tubingensis exopolygalacturonase hydrolyzed the monomethyl-esterified digalacturonates and trigalacturonates although at lower rates than for the corresponding oligogalacturonates. 1-Methyltrigalacturonate was hydrolyzed at the same rate as trigalacturonate which demonstrates that the presence of a methyl ester at the third galacturonic acid from the nonreducing end does not have any effect on the performance of exopolygalacturonase. Of the four E. chrysanthemi pectinases, Ogl was the only enzyme able to cleave digalacturonate, whereas all four enzymes cleaved trigalacturonate. Ogl does not cleave monomethyl-esterified digalacturonate and trigalacturonate in case the second galacturonic acid residue from the reducing end is methyl-esterified. PehX did not hydrolyze any of the monomethyl-esterified trigalacturonates. The two lyases, PelX and PelW, were both only able to cleave 1-methyltrigalacturonate into 4,5-unsaturated 1-methyldigalacturonate and galacturonate
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
Kester, H. C. M., Magaud, D., Roy, C., Anker, D., Doutheau, A., Shevchik, V., ... Visser, J. (1999). Performance of selected microbial pectinases on synthetic mono-methylesterified di- and trigalacturonates. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274, 37053-37059.