Pectin, a versatile polysaccharide present in plant cell walls

A.G.J. Voragen, G.J. Coenen, R.P. Verhoef, H.A. Schols

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

545 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pectin or pectic substances are collective names for a group of closely associated polysaccharides present in plant cell walls where they contribute to complex physiological processes like cell growth and cell differentiation and so determine the integrity and rigidity of plant tissue. They also play an important role in the defence mechanisms against plant pathogens and wounding. As constituents of plant cell walls and due to their anionic nature, pectic polysaccharides are considered to be involved in the regulation of ion transport, the porosity of the walls and in this way in the control of the permeability of the walls for enzymes. They also determine the water holding capacity. The amount and composition of pectic molecules in fruits and vegetables and other plant produce strongly determine quality parameters of fresh and processed food products. Pectin is also extracted from suitable agro-by-products like citrus peel and apple pomace and used in the food industry as natural ingredients for their gelling, thickening, and stabilizing properties. Some pectins gain more and more interest for their health modulating activities. Endogenous as well as exogenous enzymes play an important role in determining the pectic structures present in plant tissue, food products, or ingredients at a given time. In this paper functional and structural characteristics of pectin are described with special emphasis on the structural elements making up the pectin molecule, their interconnections and present models which envisage the accommodation of all structural elements in a macromolecule. Attention is also given to analytical methods to study the pectin structure including the use of enzymes as analytical tools.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-275
JournalStructural Chemistry
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • hairy ramified regions
  • sugar-beet pectins
  • anion-exchange chromatography
  • flight mass-spectrometry
  • galacturonic acid oligomers
  • host-pathogen interactions
  • cultured sycamore cells
  • rhamnogalacturonan-i
  • side-chains
  • citrus pectin

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