Peasantry in the Twenty-First Century

Jan Douwe van der Ploeg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The deregulation of markets and the increasingly interlinked global markets make it very difficult for small farmers to survive. Thus, small primary agricultural producers must search for new ways to continue farming and earn a reasonable income. In many places, this has triggered a process of repeasantization that is reversing the once seemingly inevitable processes of modernization and urbanization. This article argues that this process occurs through six mechanisms that together have a strong impact on the nature and dynamics of the process of agricultural development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences
EditorsJ.D. Wright
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2015


  • Agroecology
  • Food sovereignty
  • Labor migration
  • Low external input agriculture
  • Multifunctionality
  • Multiple job holding
  • Peasant agriculture
  • Pluriactivity
  • Repeasantization
  • Resistance
  • Rural livelihoods
  • Transnational agrarian movements


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