PCR detection of oxytetracycline resistance genes from diverse habitats in total community DNA and in streptomycete isolates.

T.L. Nikolakopoulou, S. Egan, L.S. van Overbeek, G. Guillaume, H. Heuer, E.M.H. Wellington, J.D. van Elsas, J.M. Collard, K. Smalla, A.D. Karagouni

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A range of European habitats was screened by PCR for detection of the oxytetracycline resistance genes otr(A) and otr(B), found in the oxytetracycline-producing strain Streptomyces rimosus. Primers were developed to detect these otr genes in tetracycline-resistant (TcR) streptomycete isolates from environmental samples. Samples were obtained from bulk and rhizosphere soil, manure, activated sludge and seawater. The majority of TcR streptomycetes originated from bulk and rhizosphere soil. Fewer TcR streptomycetes were isolated from manure and seawater and none from sewage. By PCR, three out of 217 isolates were shown to contain the otr(A) gene and 13 out of 217 the otr(B) gene. Surprisingly, these genes were detected in taxonomic groups not known as tetracycline-producing strains. The majority of the otr gene¿carrying strains was assigned to S. exfoliatus or S. rochei and originated from all habitats from which TcR streptomycetes were obtained. Our results indicated that the occurrence of otr(A) and otr(B) genes in natural environments was limited and that otr(B), in comparison to otr(A), seemed to be more common
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)211-216
    JournalCurrent Microbiology
    Volume51
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • environmental bacteria
    • efflux protein
    • mycobacterium
    • prevalence
    • validation
    • plasmids
    • clusters
    • rimosus
    • primers
    • soil

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