PCLake+

A process-based ecological model to assess the trophic state of stratified and non-stratified freshwater lakes worldwide

Annette B.G. Janssen*, Sven Teurlincx, Arthur H.W. Beusen, Mark A.J. Huijbregts, Jasmijn Rost, Aafke M. Schipper, Laura M.S. Seelen, Wolf M. Mooij, Jan H. Janse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The lake ecosystem model PCLake is a process-based model that was developed to simulate water quality based on ecological interactions in shallow, non-stratifying lakes in the temperate climate zone. Here we present PCLake+, which extends the PCLake model to cover a wide range of freshwater lakes that differ in stratification regime and climate-related processes. To this end, the model was extended with a hypolimnion layer that can be invoked and configured by forcing functions or by simple built-in empirical relationships that impose stratification. Further adjustments to the original PCLake model have been made with respect to the calculation of 1) light irradiation in the water column, 2) evaporation processes and 3) phenology of macrophytes. The simulation output of PCLake+ for different types of lakes complies well with generally accepted limnological knowledge, thus holding promise for future contributions to ecological theory and application to lakes around the globe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume396
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

lake
stratification
ecological theory
hypolimnion
lake ecosystem
phenology
irradiation
evaporation
water column
water quality
climate
simulation
temperate climate
calculation

Keywords

  • Deep lake
  • Food web model
  • Lake ecology
  • Limnology
  • Shallow lake
  • Thermal stratification

Cite this

Janssen, Annette B.G. ; Teurlincx, Sven ; Beusen, Arthur H.W. ; Huijbregts, Mark A.J. ; Rost, Jasmijn ; Schipper, Aafke M. ; Seelen, Laura M.S. ; Mooij, Wolf M. ; Janse, Jan H. / PCLake+ : A process-based ecological model to assess the trophic state of stratified and non-stratified freshwater lakes worldwide. In: Ecological Modelling. 2019 ; Vol. 396. pp. 23-32.
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abstract = "The lake ecosystem model PCLake is a process-based model that was developed to simulate water quality based on ecological interactions in shallow, non-stratifying lakes in the temperate climate zone. Here we present PCLake+, which extends the PCLake model to cover a wide range of freshwater lakes that differ in stratification regime and climate-related processes. To this end, the model was extended with a hypolimnion layer that can be invoked and configured by forcing functions or by simple built-in empirical relationships that impose stratification. Further adjustments to the original PCLake model have been made with respect to the calculation of 1) light irradiation in the water column, 2) evaporation processes and 3) phenology of macrophytes. The simulation output of PCLake+ for different types of lakes complies well with generally accepted limnological knowledge, thus holding promise for future contributions to ecological theory and application to lakes around the globe.",
keywords = "Deep lake, Food web model, Lake ecology, Limnology, Shallow lake, Thermal stratification",
author = "Janssen, {Annette B.G.} and Sven Teurlincx and Beusen, {Arthur H.W.} and Huijbregts, {Mark A.J.} and Jasmijn Rost and Schipper, {Aafke M.} and Seelen, {Laura M.S.} and Mooij, {Wolf M.} and Janse, {Jan H.}",
year = "2019",
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PCLake+ : A process-based ecological model to assess the trophic state of stratified and non-stratified freshwater lakes worldwide. / Janssen, Annette B.G.; Teurlincx, Sven; Beusen, Arthur H.W.; Huijbregts, Mark A.J.; Rost, Jasmijn; Schipper, Aafke M.; Seelen, Laura M.S.; Mooij, Wolf M.; Janse, Jan H.

In: Ecological Modelling, Vol. 396, 24.03.2019, p. 23-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - PCLake+

T2 - A process-based ecological model to assess the trophic state of stratified and non-stratified freshwater lakes worldwide

AU - Janssen, Annette B.G.

AU - Teurlincx, Sven

AU - Beusen, Arthur H.W.

AU - Huijbregts, Mark A.J.

AU - Rost, Jasmijn

AU - Schipper, Aafke M.

AU - Seelen, Laura M.S.

AU - Mooij, Wolf M.

AU - Janse, Jan H.

PY - 2019/3/24

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N2 - The lake ecosystem model PCLake is a process-based model that was developed to simulate water quality based on ecological interactions in shallow, non-stratifying lakes in the temperate climate zone. Here we present PCLake+, which extends the PCLake model to cover a wide range of freshwater lakes that differ in stratification regime and climate-related processes. To this end, the model was extended with a hypolimnion layer that can be invoked and configured by forcing functions or by simple built-in empirical relationships that impose stratification. Further adjustments to the original PCLake model have been made with respect to the calculation of 1) light irradiation in the water column, 2) evaporation processes and 3) phenology of macrophytes. The simulation output of PCLake+ for different types of lakes complies well with generally accepted limnological knowledge, thus holding promise for future contributions to ecological theory and application to lakes around the globe.

AB - The lake ecosystem model PCLake is a process-based model that was developed to simulate water quality based on ecological interactions in shallow, non-stratifying lakes in the temperate climate zone. Here we present PCLake+, which extends the PCLake model to cover a wide range of freshwater lakes that differ in stratification regime and climate-related processes. To this end, the model was extended with a hypolimnion layer that can be invoked and configured by forcing functions or by simple built-in empirical relationships that impose stratification. Further adjustments to the original PCLake model have been made with respect to the calculation of 1) light irradiation in the water column, 2) evaporation processes and 3) phenology of macrophytes. The simulation output of PCLake+ for different types of lakes complies well with generally accepted limnological knowledge, thus holding promise for future contributions to ecological theory and application to lakes around the globe.

KW - Deep lake

KW - Food web model

KW - Lake ecology

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KW - Shallow lake

KW - Thermal stratification

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DO - 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2019.01.006

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JF - Ecological Modelling

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