Agricultural extension in Surinam: communication patterns and their organizational structure.
This empirical research in Surinam was designed to study socio-economic variables that influence communication and change resulting from extension work in two rural areas. The study focusses on environmental factors that may accelerate or retard the adoption of innovations by small rice farmers. It was found that farmers operating within an irrigated area were more inclined to employ new practices for rice cultivation that those within an area lacking such facilities. Farmers of different ethnic origin contrasted sharply in communication behaviour with extension workers. The hypothesis that farmers with large holdings (8-20 ha) make more use of information sources than smallholders (1 - 2 ha) could be extended to a hypothesis on socio-economic status.
A separate study of internal communication within the extension service showed that little useful knowledge reached the fieldworker isolated on the periphery of his organization. A goal displacement had taken place, whereby the collection of agricultural data predominated over advisory work with farmers. The communication network with the agricultural station did not function because of perceived differences in educational level, task components and work conditions. The author specified a number of recommendations on organizational change within the agency concerned.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||4 Mar 1977|
|Place of Publication||Wageningen|
|Publication status||Published - 1977|
- nonverbal communication
- social sciences
- technical information