Pathologists and entomologists must join forces against forest pest and pathogen invasions

Hervé Jactel*, Marie Laure Desprez-Loustau, Andrea Battisti, Eckehard Brockerhoff, Alberto Santini, Jan Stenlid, Christer Björkman, Manuela Branco, Katharina Dehnen-Schmutz, Jacob C. Douma, Jassy Drakulic, Fryni Drizou, René Eschen, José Carlos Franco, Martin M. Gossner, Samantha Green, Marc Kenis, Maartje J. Klapwijk, Andrew M. Liebhold, Christophe OrazioSimone Prospero, Christelle Robinet, Martin Schroeder, Bernard Slippers, Pavel Stoev, Jianghua Sun, Robbert van den Dool, Michael J. Wingfield, Myron P. Zalucki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The world's forests have never been more threatened by invasions of exotic pests and pathogens, whose causes and impacts are reinforced by global change. However, forest entomologists and pathologists have, for too long, worked independently, used different concepts and proposed specific management methods without recognising parallels and synergies between their respective fields. Instead, we advocate increased collaboration between these two scientific communities to improve the long-term health of forests. Our arguments are that the pathways of entry of exotic pests and pathogens are often the same and that insects and fungi often coexist in the same affected trees. Innovative methods for preventing invasions, early detection and identification of non-native species, modelling of their impact and spread and prevention of damage by increasing the resistance of ecosystems can be shared for the management of both pests and diseases. We, therefore, make recommendations to foster this convergence, proposing in particular the development of interdisciplinary research programmes, the development of generic tools or methods for pest and pathogen management and capacity building for the education and training of students, managers, decision-makers and citizens concerned with forest health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-127
Number of pages21
JournalNeoBiota
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Capacity building
  • Detection
  • Disease
  • Exotic
  • Forest health
  • Fungi
  • Identification
  • Insects
  • Interdisciplinarity
  • Management

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  • Projects

    HOMED: HOlistic Management of Emerging forest pests and Diseases

    1/10/1830/09/22

    Project: EU research project

    Cite this

    Jactel, H., Desprez-Loustau, M. L., Battisti, A., Brockerhoff, E., Santini, A., Stenlid, J., Björkman, C., Branco, M., Dehnen-Schmutz, K., Douma, J. C., Drakulic, J., Drizou, F., Eschen, R., Franco, J. C., Gossner, M. M., Green, S., Kenis, M., Klapwijk, M. J., Liebhold, A. M., ... Zalucki, M. P. (2020). Pathologists and entomologists must join forces against forest pest and pathogen invasions. NeoBiota, 58, 107-127. https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.58.54389