Partial stem and leaf resistance against the fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea in wild relatives of tomato

A. ten Have, R. van Berloo, P. Lindhout, J.A.L. van Kan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is one of many greenhouse crops that can be infected by the necrotrophic ascomycete Botrytis cinerea. Commercial cultivation of tomato is hampered by the lack of resistance. Quantitative resistance has been reported in wild tomato relatives, mostly based on leaf assays. We aimed to identify wild tomato relatives with resistance to B. cinerea based on quantitative assays both on leaves and stem segments, monitoring infection frequency and disease expansion rate as parameters. A quantitative tomato stem segment assay was developed. This stem assay and a previously described leaf assay were used to screen a collection of 22 Solanum accessions. Significant differences in disease parameters were observed among accessions. Resistance to B. cinerea was observed in a number of wild Solanum species, including accessions of S. chilense, S. habrochaites and S. neorickii, both in the leaf assay and the stem segment assay. A number of resistant and susceptible accessions were evaluated as adult plants under greenhouse conditions. The data obtained in greenhouse assays confirmed the leaf and stem disease data. The expression of several defence-related genes was studied in a subset of accessions. There was no apparent correlation between the expression levels of the genes tested and the quantitative resistance level to B. cinerea
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-166
JournalEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • messenger-rnas
  • gene-expression
  • salicylic-acid
  • lycopersicon
  • infection
  • leaves
  • ethylene
  • plants
  • virus
  • death

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