Paleopedology and stratigraphy on the Condrusian peneplain (Belgium) : with a reconstruction of a paleosol

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


<p/>Fossil soil remnants on the Condrusian peneplain and in its surroundings were described and, if possible, dated. These soils are mainly of Tertiary age. In this way a number of important remnants of fossil soils were classified: the <em>flint eluvium,</em> that was formed during the Paleocene and Eocene; the <em>Neerrepen</em> soil from the Lower Oligocene; the <em>Boncelles 1 and 2</em> soils from the Upper Oligocene; the <em>Boncelles 3</em> soil and the <em>Andenne soil,</em> that developed during the Lower and Middle Miocene; a Middle Miocene <em>root horizon;</em> the <em>Onx</em> soil that was formed during Upper Miocene-Pliocene and the <em>Bolderberg</em> and <em>Heerlerheide</em> soils from the Pliocene.<p/>The <em>Andenne</em> soil, a Miocene soil on Carboniferous limestone that formed the material called 'Andenne clay', was reconstructed. Leaching of silica in this soil appeared to have resulted in the chert caps that are still found on Carboniferous limestone.<p/>The stratigraphic value of a particular soil profile depends strongly on the region where it is found.<p/>Finally, some conclusions were made about the stratigraphic position of Tertiary sediments <em>(Onx</em> -gravels) and the time in which some features developed. The <em>Onx</em> deposits are placed in the Middle Miocene; formation of dolinas in Carboniferous rocks is thought to have begun during the Early Oligocene. Dissection of the Condrusian peneplain started as early as the Middle Miocene.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Pons, L.J., Promotor
  • van der Plas, L., Promotor, External person
Award date25 Feb 1972
Place of PublicationWageningen
Print ISBNs9789022003770
Publication statusPublished - 1972


  • belgium
  • palaeosols
  • soil formation
  • tertiary

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