Pakistan’s representation of transboundary water as a security issue

Hanifeh Rigi, Jeroen F. Warner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The South Asia region is one of the most unstable in the world, having experienced multiple wars. In recent years, water disputes have intensified between this region’s countries, including Pakistan and India, as water is intertwined with their security and has been securitized. Indeed, securitization is one of the strategies that has the power of representation of water as a security issue. The study examines how Pakistan has represented the Indus transboundary waters as a security issue through linguistic constructs, especially to motivate domestic audiences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)939-962
JournalInternational Journal of Water Resources Development
Issue number6
Early online date12 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2023


  • India
  • Indus
  • Pakistan
  • securitization
  • transboundary water


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