Packaging design using mustard seeds as a natural antimicrobial: A study on inhibition of pseudomonas fragi in liquid medium

Nur Alim Bahmid, Jenneke Heising, Vincenzo Fogliano, Matthijs Dekker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Pseudomonas fragi is the dominant spoilage organism in various foods, especially in spoiled milk, fish, and meats. Its growth can be inhibited by releasing allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) from ground mustard seeds in food packages. This paper aims to investigate the antimicrobial potential of ground mustard seeds against P. fragi growth and the e ectiveness of released AITC concentration from mustard seeds on microbial inhibition of the spoilage bacteria growing in the liquid medium. The AITC concentration in the headspace and the liquid medium was measured and the growth of P. fragi in the liquid medium was monitored. Depending on the concentration of AITC, not only growth was inhibited but a reduction of the total count of P. fragi was even observed. The inactivation rate (k) of P. fragi was estimated using first-order inactivation kinetics and the minimum gaseous-released AITC to inactivate P. fragi was determined. Higher AITC concentration in the headspace and liquid medium was observed when using a higher amount of ground mustard seeds and a lower food to headspace ratio. Increasing the amount of ground mustard seeds (>100 mg per 10 mL liquid medium) led to full inactivation of P. fragi in 48 hours. By using an inhibition sigmoid Emax model, the minimum gaseous-released AITC for inactivation of P. fragi in 48 hours was observed around 15 μg/L headspace. These results indicate that inhibition of the spoilage bacteria and extending the shelf life using ground mustard seeds is only possible by applying a careful design of the packaging system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number789
JournalFoods
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Allyl isothiocyanate
  • Antimicrobial packaging
  • Microbial inhibition
  • Mustard seeds
  • Pseudomonas fragi
  • Shelf life
  • Spoilage bacteria

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