Oxygen vacancy regulated valence states of Pt on rutile TiO2 promote catalytic oxidation of HCHO

Yuanbo Song, Haocheng Wu, Yidan Liu, Guoli Chen, Rongrong Jia, Liyi Shi, Zheng Shen, Guanna Li*, Johannes H. Bitter, Xiang Wang*, Lei Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Anatase-TiO2-supported Pt (Pt/TiO2(A)) is a well-known supported catalyst for catalyzing the oxidation of formaldehyde (HCHO). However, rutile TiO2 (TiO2(R)) has not been widely utilized for this reaction due to its inferior performance. In this study, we have developed a novel approach involving NaBH4-induced oxygen vacancy manipulation to regulate the valence states of Pt on TiO2(R). By employing a large excess of NaBH4 (nNaBH4/nPt = 2000), we were able to generate an extraordinary concentration of oxygen defects and electron-rich sites on the surface of TiO2(R), resulting in the concentration of Pt0 on Pt/TiO2(R)− 2000 exceeding that on Pt/TiO2(A)− 2000. The newly synthesized Pt/TiO2(R)− 2000 catalyst exhibited a remarkably high turnover frequency (TOF) of 160.2 h−1, which is approximately five times that of Pt/TiO2(R)− 20. The discrepancy in the reaction mechanisms between rutile and anatase was identified as the critical factor underlying the vastly different performances observed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119186
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2023


  • Catalytic oxidation
  • Metal-support interaction
  • Oxygen vacancy
  • Rutile
  • TiO


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