Oxidation of dietary stearic, oleic, and linoleic acids in growing pigs follows a biphasic pattern

E.M.A.M. Bruininx, J.J.G.C. van den Borne, E. van Heugten, J. van Milgen, M.W.A. Verstegen, W.J.J. Gerrits

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Abstract

Abstract We used the pig as a model to assess the effects of dietary fat content and composition on nutrient oxidation and energy partitioning in positive energy balance. Pigs weighing 25 kg were assigned to either: 1) a low fat–high starch diet, or 2) a high saturated-fat diet, or 3) a high unsaturated-fat diet. In the high-fat treatments, 20% starch was iso-energetically replaced by 10.8% lard or 10.2% soybean oil, respectively. For 7 d, pigs were fed twice daily at a rate of 1200 kJ digestible energy · kg-0.75 · d-1. Oral bolus doses of [U-13C] glucose, [U-13C] a-linoleate, [U-13C] stearate, and [U-13C] oleate were administered on d 1, 2, 4, and 6, respectively, and 13CO2 production was measured. Protein and fat deposition were measured for 7 d. Fractional oxidation of fatty acids from the low-fat diet was lower than from the high-fat diets. Within diets, the saturated [U-13C] stearate was oxidized less than the unsaturated [U-13C] oleate and [U-13C] linoleate. For the high unsaturated-fat diet, oxidation of [U-13C] oleate was higher than that of [U-13C] linoleate. In general, recovery of 13CO2 from labeled fatty acids rose within 2 h after ingestion but peaked around the next meal. This peak was induced by an increased energy expenditure that was likely related to increased eating activity. In conclusion, oxidation of dietary fatty acids in growing pigs depends on the inclusion level and composition of dietary fat. Moreover, our data suggest that the most recently ingested fatty acids are preferred substrates for oxidation when the direct supply of dietary nutrients has decreased and ATP requirements increase
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1657-1663
JournalThe Journal of Nutrition
Volume141
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Keywords

  • fatty-acids
  • energy-metabolism
  • adipose-tissue
  • healthy-men
  • chain-length
  • carbohydrate
  • whole
  • digestibility
  • protein
  • women

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