C. Minca, C.E. Ong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Orientalism and Occidentalism are interrelated concepts. Orientalism is defined in three keys ways: (i) as a study of “the Orient”; (ii) as a cultural and aesthetic concern with “the Orient”; and (iii) as a critical approach to understanding the construction of “the Orient” by European and American cultural authorities. Current geographical works have focused largely on the third. Defined in a critical way, Orientalism is also an idealized European vision that consisted of a long-lasting collection of theory and practices with an elaborate material setup. Occidentalism, the calculated construction of “the West” or “the Occident” as a unified entity, is an inversion of the Western imaginary, a counterdiscourse to Orientalism, and a stage for thinking about and realizing alternative or new approaches. These definitions differ in terms of their recognition of the strength and durability of Western imperialism in orchestrating Orientalism.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe International Encyclopedia of Geography
EditorsDouglas Richardson, Noel Castree, Michael Goodchild, Audrey Kobayashi, Weidong Liu, Richard Marston
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781118786352
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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