Oral processing assessed by M-mode ultrasound imaging varies with food attribute

R.A. de Wijk, F. Wulfert, J.F. Prinz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    40 Citations (Scopus)


    Ultrasonic imaging was used to quantify oral movements made during the oral processing of foods while subjects assessed the intensity of the sensory attributes, thick, creamy, sweet and bitter. A series of four stimuli were prepared with high and low viscosities and high and low sweetness. Over five sessions, subjects (N = 8) were asked to consume 5 ml spoonfuls of each of the stimuli while holding an ultrasound probe beneath their chin so as to produce a mid-line sagital image of the floor of the mouth and tongue. In the first session, subjects were asked to swallow the sample. In subsequent sessions, subjects were asked to rate one of the attributes, thickness, sweetness, creaminess or bitterness, in random order. The resulting video recordings were subjected to an image-processing algorithm to quantify the amount of intra-oral manipulation performed. The results demonstrated that oral movements varied with attribute, especially in the period during which the bulk of the food is typically processed and the following swallowing phase. The food's sweetness affected oral movements especially during the bulk phase, whereas the food's viscosity primarily affected movements during the following swallowing and clearance phases
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)15-21
    JournalPhysiology and Behavior
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2006


    • perception
    • mastication
    • texture
    • flavor
    • movements

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