Membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI) is a water desalination technique based on applying a cell voltage between two oppositely placed porous electrodes sandwiching a spacer channel that transports the water to be desalinated. In MCDI, ion-exchange membranes are positioned in front of each porous electrode to prevent co-ions from leaving the electrode region during ion adsorption, thereby enhancing the salt adsorption capacity. MCDI can be operated at constant cell voltage (CV), or at a constant electrical current (CC). In this paper, we present both experimental and theoretical results for desalination capacity and rate in MCDI (both in the CV- and the CC-mode) as function of adsorption/desorption time, salt feed concentration, electrical current, and cell voltage. We demonstrate how by varying each parameter individually, it is possible to systematically optimize the parameter settings of a given system to achieve the highest average salt adsorption rate and water recovery.
- water quality
- ion exchange treatment
- ion-exchange membranes
- water desalination
Zhao, R., Satpradit, O. A., Rijnaarts, H., Biesheuvel, P. M., & van der Wal, A. (2013). Optimization of salt adsorption rate in membrane capacitive deionization. Water Research, 47(5), 1941-1952. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2013.01.025