Optimization of biomass, vitamins, and carotenoid yield on light energy in a flat-panel reactor using the A-stat technique

M.J. Barbosa, J.F. Zijffers, A. Nisworo, W. Vaes, J. van Schoonhoven, R.H. Wijffels

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62 Citations (Scopus)


Acceleration-stat (A-stat) cultivations in which the dilution rate is continuously changed at a constant acceleration rate, leading to different average light intensities inside the photobioreactor, can supply more information and reduce experimental time compared with chemostat cultivations. The A-stat was used to optimize the biomass and product yield of continuous cultures of the microalgae D. tertiolecta in a flat-panel reactor. In this study, four different accelerations were studied, a pseudo steady state was maintained at acceleration rates of 0.00016 and 0.00029 h2 and results were similar to those of the chemostat. An increase in the acceleration rate led to an increase in the deviation between results obtained in the A-stat and in the chemostats. We concluded that it is advantageous to use the A-stat instead of chemostats to determine culture characteristics and optimize a specific photobioreactor. The effect of average light intensity inside the photobioreactor on the production of vitamins C and E, lutein, and h-carotene was studied using the A-stat. The highest concentrations of these products were 3.48 F 0.46, 0.33 F 0.06, 5.65 F 0.24, and 2.36 F 0.38 mg g1, respectively. These results were obtained at different average light intensities, showing the importance of optimizing each product on light intensity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-242
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • alpha-tocopherol
  • euglena-gracilis
  • beta-carotene
  • xanthophyll-cycle
  • cultivation
  • microalgae
  • parameters
  • proteins
  • algae


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