Opportunities of Genomics for the Use of Semen Cryo-Conserved in Gene Banks

J.K. Oldenbroek*, Jack J. Windig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shortly after the introduction of cryo-conserved semen in the main farm animal species, gene banks were founded. Safeguarding farm animal genetic diversity for future use was and is the main objective. A sampling of sires was based on their pedigree and phenotypic information. Nowadays, DNA information from cryo-conserved sires and from animals in the living populations has become available. The combination of their DNA information can be used to realize three opportunities: 1) to make the gene bank a more complete archive of genetic diversity, 2) to determine the history of the genetic diversity from the living populations, and 3) to improve the performance and genetic diversity of living populations. These three opportunities for the use of gene bank sires in the genomic era are outlined in this study, and relevant recent literature is summarized to illustrate the great value of a gene bank as an archive of genetic diversity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number907411
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • drift
  • genetic diversity
  • genomics
  • introgression
  • optimization
  • priorization
  • selection

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