Opportunities for a Bio-based Economy in the Netherlands

J.P.M. Sanders, D.A. van der Hoeven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The shift to a bio-based economy for the Netherlands is not only required because of climate change, but also for industrial strategy reasons. Traditional strongholds of the Dutch economy like the Rotterdam harbour, the agricultural sector (including the greenhouse sector, and food and feed industries) and the petrochemical industry will be affected by the new economic realities, and it is precisely to these sectors that a bio-based economy will offer new opportunities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-119
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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    Sanders, J. P. M., & van der Hoeven, D. A. (2008). Opportunities for a Bio-based Economy in the Netherlands. Energies, 1(3), 105-119. https://doi.org/10.3390/en1030105