Opportunities and limitations for functional agrobiodiversity in the European context

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To counteract the negative effects of intensive agriculture there is increasing interest in approaches that reconcile agricultural production with the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. Integration of functional agrobiodiversity (FAB) in agricultural systems holds promise to meet these challenging objectives, but requires the generation, transfer and implementation of tailor-made knowledge, and policy development. Currently various initiatives are undertaken across Europe to develop and assess the potential of biodiversity-based management practices by farmers, industry, researchers and governmental and non-governmental organizations. In this paper we show that the Convention on Biological Diversity and planned reforms in EU policy offer scope to further implement FAB concepts via legislation for biodiversity conservation, pesticide use, water quality, environmental protection and conservation of genetic resources. At the same time we observe that there are still impediments to the adoption of FAB approaches, including (i) translation of general knowledge to tailored, ready-to-use management practices, (ii) limited information on the effectiveness of FAB measures in terms of crop yield and quality, profitability, and reduction of agrochemical inputs, (iii) lack of appropriate financial accounting systems that allow fair accounting of the private investments and public benefits, and (iv) the implementation of FAB measures at the right spatial scales, which requires coordination among the various actors in a region. Current and new legislation may provide incentives to address these limitations and contribute to the further development and integration of FAB concepts in agricultural systems in Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-231
JournalEnvironmental Science & Policy
Volume27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • managing ecosystem services
  • different spatial scales
  • natural pest-control
  • land-use intensity
  • agricultural landscapes
  • biodiversity conservation
  • species richness
  • organic-matter
  • soil-structure
  • field margins

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Opportunities and limitations for functional agrobiodiversity in the European context'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this