Opportunities and constraints of tradable permits for biodiversity conservation

M. Drechsler, K. Johst, P.F.M. Opdam, A.J.A. van Teeffelen, C.C. Vos, F. Wätzold

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstractAcademic


Background and Goal of Study Economic development poses a continuing challenge for biodiversity conservation. In recent years, market-based instruments such as tradable land-use permits have gained increasing attention as flexible instruments to mitigate the conflict between economic development and conservation. We present results from the project EcoTRADE, funded by the European Science Foundation, that investigates the applicability of tradable permits to biodiversity conservation. Materials and Methods The EcoTRADE project performs conceptual analyses, evaluation of existing policies and modelling to gain better understanding of permit markets for conservation. Conceptual analyses reveal the key parameters that determine the functioning and efficiency of a permit market. We evaluate existing policies similar to tradable permits from an economic point of view. Using models, we analyze how spatial habitat connectivity can be influenced by trading rules, how spatial and temporal habitat network properties affect species viability and how trading rules affect the cost-effectiveness of a market. Selected Results and Conclusions Permit markets involve trade-offs. E.g., they must function economically, requiring sufficient market activity, but ecological requirements may restrict trading opportunities. Policies in the US and Germany have shown that permit markets can lead to improvements, both economically and ecologically. Key properties of dynamic networks include the total area of cohesive habitat, its spatial connectivity, the development time and the proportion of network area that changes annually. The ecological model identifies the spatial and temporal constraints of spatially shifting habitat patches across landscapes. The ecological-economic model shows that spatial connectivity can be generated through a permit market, but the cost-effectiveness of a trading rule depends on the properties of the target species and the behaviour of the market participants
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstracts of Diversitas OSC2, open science conference: Biodiversity and society: understanding connections, adapting to change, October 13-16, 2009, Cape Town, South Africa
Place of PublicationCape Town
PublisherDiversitas International
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventDIVERSITAS OSC2, open science conference, Cape Town, South Africa -
Duration: 13 Oct 200916 Oct 2009


ConferenceDIVERSITAS OSC2, open science conference, Cape Town, South Africa


Dive into the research topics of 'Opportunities and constraints of tradable permits for biodiversity conservation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this